Targeting lysine demethylase 6B ameliorates ASXL1 truncation–mediated myeloid malignancies in preclinical models

Guo Ge, Peng Zhang, Pinpin Sui, Shi Chen, Hui Yang, Ying Guo, Ivan P. Rubalcava, Asra Noor, Caroline R. Delma, Joel Agosto-Peña, Hui Geng, Edward A. Medina, Ying Liang, Stephen D. Nimer, Ruben Mesa, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Mingjiang Xu, Feng Chun Yang

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


ASXL1 mutation frequently occurs in all forms of myeloid malignancies and is associated with aggressive disease and poor prognosis. ASXL1 recruits Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) to specific gene loci to repress transcription through trimethylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27me3). ASXL1 alterations reduce H3K27me3 levels, which results in leukemogenic gene expression and the development of myeloid malignancies. Standard therapies for myeloid malignancies have limited efficacy when mutated ASXL1 is present. We discovered upregulation of lysine demethylase 6B (KDM6B), a demethylase for H3K27me3, in ASXL1-mutant leukemic cells, which further reduces H3K27me3 levels and facilitates myeloid transformation. Here, we demonstrated that heterozygous deletion of Kdm6b restored H3K27me3 levels and normalized dysregulated gene expression in Asxl1Y588XTg hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Furthermore, heterozygous deletion of Kdm6b decreased the HSPC pool, restored their self-renewal capacity, prevented biased myeloid differentiation, and abrogated progression to myeloid malignancies in Asxl1Y588XTg mice. Importantly, administration of GSK-J4, a KDM6B inhibitor, not only restored H3K27me3 levels but also reduced the disease burden in NSG mice xenografted with human ASXL1-mutant leukemic cells in vivo. This preclinical finding provides compelling evidence that targeting KDM6B may be a therapeutic strategy for myeloid malignancies with ASXL1 mutations.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículoe163964
PublicaciónJournal of Clinical Investigation
EstadoPublished - ene 20 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Targeting lysine demethylase 6B ameliorates ASXL1 truncation–mediated myeloid malignancies in preclinical models'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto