Joel E. Frontera, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez

Resultado de la investigación: Chapter


Spasticity is commonly defined as a velocity-dependent increase in muscle tone with exaggerated tendon jerks resulting from hyperexcitability of the stretch reflex. Spasticity is one component of the upper motor neuron syndrome, which also includes hyperreflexia, clonus, muscle cocontraction, fatigability, and muscle weakness. Spasticity is not always a hindrance and each patient’s clinical situation should be carefully evaluated to look at the way spasticity is impeding his or her function, pain, physical condition, or caregiving. Furthermore, worsening of baseline spasticity should warrant a workup for noxious stimuli or infection as a cause. Options for treatment include oral medications such as baclofen and tizanidine as well as other interventional approaches such as chemodenervation coupled with rehabilitation, intrathecal baclofen, and/or surgical approaches.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Título de la publicación alojadaEssentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaMusculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation
Número de páginas5
ISBN (versión digital)9780323549479
EstadoPublished - ene 1 2018
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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