Socioeconomic Status Affects Postoperative Time to Union in Pediatric Patients with a Surgically Treated Fracture

David M. Heath, Abdullah N. Ghali, David A. Momtaz, Sarah Nagel, Rishi Gonuguntla, Shwetha Menon, Hari N. Krishnakumar, Matthew R. Landrum, Grant D. Hogue

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Background:Fractures account for 10% to 25% of all pediatric injuries, and surgical treatment is common. In such cases, postoperative healing can be affected by a number of factors, including those related to socioeconomic status (SES). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between time to fracture union and SES, which was measured with use of the median household income (MHI) and Child Opportunity Index (COI).Methods:A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients with a long-bone fracture that had been surgically treated at a Level-I pediatric trauma center between January 2010 and June 2020. Demographic and relevant medical data were collected. Patients were sorted into union and nonunion groups. The ZIP code of each patient was collected and the MHI and COI of that ZIP code were identified. Income brackets were created in increments of $10,000 ranging from $20,000 to $100,000, with an additional category of >$100,000, and patients were sorted into these groups according to MHI. Comparisons among the income groups and among the union status groups were conducted for each of the collected variables. A multiple regression analysis was utilized to determine the independent effect of each variable on time to union.Results:A total of 395 patients were included in the final sample, of whom 51% identified as Hispanic. Patients in the union group had a higher mean COI and MHI. Nonunion occurred in only 8 patients. Patients who achieved fracture union in ≤4 months had a significantly higher mean COI and MHI. When controlling for other demographic variables, the time to union increased by a mean of 9.6 days for every $10,000 decrease in MHI and increased by a mean of 6.8 days for every 10-unit decrease in the COI.Conclusions:The present study is the first, to our knowledge, to investigate the relationship between SES and time to fracture union in pediatric patients. When controlling for other demographic factors, we found a significant relationship between SES and time to union in pediatric patients with a surgically treated fracture. Further investigations of the relationship between SES and time to union in pediatric patients are needed to determine potential mechanisms for this relationship.Level of Evidence:Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo00137
PublicaciónJBJS Open Access
Volumen8
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublished - jul 21 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Socioeconomic Status Affects Postoperative Time to Union in Pediatric Patients with a Surgically Treated Fracture'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto