Background. Catheter-based local drug delivery at the site of stent implantation has been proposed to reduce in-stent restenosis. We examined whether local delivery itself may cause additional vessel wail injury and negate the potential benefit of local drug delivery in a porcine coronary in-stent restenosis model. Methods. Pigs were randomly assigned to no local delivery (controls, n = 10) or local saline infusion (5 ml) using commercially available catheters (n = 39; Dispatch catheter, Microporous infusion catheter, and InfusaSleeve) prior to oversized (stent:artery ratio 1.2) coronary stent implantation. The amount of in-stent neointima was evaluated 4 weeks later with angiography and histology. Results. There was no difference in vessel size or stent: artery ratio. However, at follow-up the local saline delivery group had significantly greater diameter stenosis (50 ± 19% versus 25 ± 17% in the controls, P < 0.01). Histology revealed similar injury scores but significantly greater neointimal area in the local saline group (3.61 ± 1.1 1 mm2 versus 1.96 ± 0.82 mm2 in the controls, P < 0.01). In a multivariate linear regression analysis, the use of the local delivery catheter was the only independent variable which was positively correlated with the amount of neointima (P = 0.0001). Conclusions. In this in-stent restenosis model, catheter-based local saline delivery was associated with significantly increased neointimal hyperplasia. Thus, for local drug delivery to reduce in-stent restenosis, the antiproliferative agent should be potent enough to compensate for the additional neointimal hyperplasia from the infusion itself.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Número de páginas||4|
|Publicación||Coronary Artery Disease|
|Estado||Published - 1999|
|Publicado de forma externa||Sí|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine