Safety Assessment of Tin(IV) Oxide as Used in Cosmetics

Wilbur Johnson, Wilma F. Bergfeld, Donald V. Belsito, Ronald A. Hill, Curtis D. Klaassen, Daniel C. Liebler, James G. Marks, Ronald C. Shank, Thomas J. Slaga, Paul W. Snyder, F. Alan Andersen

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)


Tin(IV) oxide functions as an abrasive, bulking, and opacifying agent in cosmetic products and is used at concentrations up to 0.4% in rinse-off products and up to 1.3% in leave-on products. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (Panel) noted that tin(IV) oxide is a water-insoluble inorganic metal compound and should not be percutaneously absorbed; therefore, systemic exposure is not likely. Studies of dermal application of tin(IV) oxide were considered to determine toxicity at the site of application. The Panel concluded that tin(IV) oxide is safe in the present practices of use and concentration.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)40S-46S
PublicaciónInternational journal of toxicology
EstadoPublished - nov. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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