Objectives:To analyze the current incidence of postoperative infection for OTA/AO type C fractures of the tibial plateau and tibial plafond.Data Sources:Three medical databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library, were used in our systematic literature search. Search results were restricted to articles transcribed in English/Spanish and publication date after January 1, 2000, to present day.Study Selection:Inclusion criteria were studies reporting postoperative infection data for OTA/AO type 41C, 43C, or equivalent fractures of skeletally mature individuals. A minimum of 6 total fractures of interest and a frequency of 75% overall were required. Studies reporting on pathologic fractures, stress fractures, or low-energy fracture types were excluded.Data Extraction:Two authors independently screened abstracts, evaluated full-text manuscripts, and extracted relevant data from included studies. Any instances of discrepancy were resolved within the study committee by consensus.Data Synthesis:Outcomes were expressed using direct proportions (PR) with a 95% confidence interval. The effects of comorbidities on infection rates were reported using odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval. All analyses used a DerSimonian-Laird estimate with a random-effects model based on heterogeneity. The presence of publication bias was evaluated using funnel plots and Egger's tests.Conclusions:Patients with these specific fractures develop infections at a notable frequency. The rates of deep infections were approximately 6% in tibial plateau fractures and 9% in tibial plafond fractures. These results may be useful as a reference for patient counseling and other future studies aimed at minimizing postoperative infection for these injuries.Level of Evidence:Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Número de páginas||7|
|Publicación||Journal of orthopaedic trauma|
|Estado||Published - mar 1 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine