Reproducibility and Repeatability of Intervoxel Incoherent Motion MRI Acquisition Methods in Liver

Juan A. Vasquez, Marissa Brown, Mary Woolsey, Mohammad Abdul-Ghani, Venkata Katabathina, Shengwen Deng, John Blangero, Geoffrey D. Clarke

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Background: Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) has potential for evaluating hepatic fibrosis but image acquisition technique influence on diffusion parameter estimation bears investigation. Purpose: To minimize variability and maximize repeatably in abdominal DWI in terms of IVIM parameter estimates. Study Type: Prospective test–retest and image quality comparison. Subjects: Healthy volunteers (3F/7M, 29.9 ± 12.9 years) and Family Study subjects (18F/12M, 51.7 ± 16.7 years), without and with liver steatosis. Field Strength/Sequence: Abdominal single-shot echo-planar imaging (EPI) and simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) DWI sequences with respiratory triggering (RT), breath-holding (BH), and navigator echo (NE) at 3 Tesla. Assessment: SMS-BH, EPI-NE, and SMS-RT data from twice-scanned healthy volunteers were analyzed using 6 × b-values (0–800 s⋅mm−2) and lower (LO) and higher (HI) b-value ranges. Family Study subjects were scanned using SMS and standard EPI sequences. The biexponential IVIM model was used to estimate fast-diffusion coefficient (Df), fraction of fast diffusion (f), and slow-diffusion coefficient (Ds). Scan time, estimated signal-to-noise ratio (eSNR), eSNR per acquisition, and distortion ratio were compared. Statistical Tests: Coefficients of variation (CoV) and Bland Altman analyses were performed for test–retest repeatability. Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) assessed interobserver agreement with P < 0.05 deemed significant. Results: Within-subject CoVs among volunteers (N = 10) for f and Ds were lowest in EPI-NE-LO (11.6%) and SMS-RT-HI (11.1%). Inter-observer ICCs for f and Ds were highest for EPI-NE-LO (0.63) and SMS-RT-LO (0.76). Df could not be estimated for most subjects. Estimated eSNR (EPI = 21.9, SMS = 4.7) and eSNR time (EPI = 6.7, SMS = 16.6) were greater for SMS, with less distortion in the liver region (DR-PE: EPI = 23.6, SMS = 13.1). Data Conclusion: Simultaneous multislice acquisitions had significantly less variability and higher ICCs of Ds, higher eSNR, less distortion, and reduced scan time compared to EPI. Evidence Level: 2. Technical Efficacy: Stage 1.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
EstadoAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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