Relative contributions of arterial stiffness and hypertension to cardiovascular disease: The Framingham heart study

Teemu J. Niiranen, Bindu Kalesan, Naomi M. Hamburg, Emelia J. Benjamin, Gary F. Mitchell, Ramachandran S. Vasan

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

80 Citas (Scopus)


Background-The presence and implications of abnormal arterial stiffness, a potential independent predictor of outcomes, in community-dwelling treated hypertensives is unknown. Furthermore, limited data exist regarding the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with arterial stiffness across the entire range of blood pressure. Methods and Results-We measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and classical CVD risk factors in 2127 community-dwelling participants (mean age 60 years, 57% women) of The Framingham Offspring Cohort. The participants were divided into 4 groups according to hypertension (yes/no, defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or use of antihypertensive treatment) and PWV status (high/low based on age- and sex-specific median values) and followed up for CVD events (CVD death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, heart failure, and stroke). Sixty percent (233 of 390) of controlled and 90% (232 of 258) of uncontrolled treated hypertensives had high PWV. The multivariable-adjusted risk for CVD events (n=248, median follow-up 12.6 years) rose from normotension with low PWV (reference) to normotension with high PWV (hazard ratio 1.29, 95% CI 0.83-2.00) and from hypertension with low PWV (hazard ratio 1.54, 95% CI 1.01-2.36) to hypertension with high PWV (hazard ratio 2.25, 95% CI 1.54-3.29). Conclusions-A substantial proportion of treated hypertensives have high arterial stiffness, a finding that may explain some of the notable residual CVD risk associated with even well-controlled hypertension. High PWV is associated with a trend towards increasing CVD risk in both nonhypertensives and hypertensives, a finding that may support the use of arterial stiffness measurements in both populations.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículoe004271
PublicaciónJournal of the American Heart Association
EstadoPublished - nov 1 2016
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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