Quality of Care at the End of Life: Applying the Intersection of Race and Gender

Zainab Suntai, Hyunjin Noh, Lewis Lee, John Gregory Bell, Megan P. Lippe, Hee Yun Lee

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background and Objectives: Research on racial and gender disparities in end-of-life care quality has burgeoned over the past few decades, but few studies have incorporated the theory of intersectionality, which posits that membership in 2 or more vulnerable groups may result in increased hardships across the life span. As such, this study aimed to examine the intersectional effect of race and gender on the quality of care received at the end of life among older adults. Research Design and Methods: Data were derived from the combined Round 3 to Round 10 of the National Health and Aging Trends Study. For multivariate analyses, 2 logistic regression models were run; Model 1 included the main effects of race and gender and Model 2 included an interaction term for race and gender. Results: Results revealed that White men were the most likely to have excellent or good care at the end of life, followed by White women, Black men, and Black women, who were the least likely to have excellent or good care at the end of life. Discussion and Implications: These results point to a significant disadvantage for Black women, who had worse end-of-life care quality than their gender and racial peers. Practice interventions may include cultural humility training and a cultural match between patients and providers. From a policy standpoint, a universal health insurance plan would reduce the gap in end-of-life service access and quality for Black women, who are less likely to have supplemental health care coverage.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónGerontologist
Volumen64
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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