Predictors and outcomes of first pass efficacy in posterior circulation strokes: Insights from STAR collaboration

for the Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm Registry (STAR) Collaborators

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: First-pass efficacy (FPE) has been established as an important predictor of favorable functional outcomes after endovascular thrombectomy (ET) in anterior circulation strokes. In this retrospective cohort study, we investigate predictors and clinical outcomes of FPE in posterior circulation strokes (pcAIS). Methods: The Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm Registry database was used to identify pcAIS patients who achieved FPE. Their baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared with the non-FPE group. The primary outcome was a 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 0–3. Univariate (UVA) and multivariate (MVA) analyses were done to evaluate predictors of FPE. Safety outcomes included distal emboli, vessel rupture, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and mortality. Results: Of 359 patients, 179 (50%) achieved FPE. Clot burden, occlusion site, and ET technique-related variables were similar between the two groups except for shorter procedure time with FPE. The primary outcome was significantly better with FPE (56.4% vs. 32.8%, p < 0.001). Complications were similar except for a higher rate of distal emboli in non-FPE group (11.1% vs. 3.2%, p = 0.032). Atrial fibrillation (Afib) had increased odds (aOR: 2.06, 95% CI; 1.24, 3.4, p = 0.005) and prior ischemic stroke had decreased odds (aOR: 0.524, 95% CI; 0.28, 0.97, p = 0.04) of FPE. Afib was the only independent predictor of FPE on MVA (1.94, 95% CI; 1.1, 3.43, p = 0.022). Conclusions: Higher rate of FPE in Afib-related pcAIS could possibly be explained by the differences in clot composition and degree of in-situ atherosclerotic disease burden. Future studies are warranted to explore the relationship of clot composition with ET outcomes.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónInterventional Neuroradiology
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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