Physical intimate partner violence and prenatal oral health experiences in the United States

Alexander Testa, Jacqueline G. Lee, Dylan B. Jackson, Rahma Mungia, Kyle T. Ganson, Jason M. Nagata

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva


Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue, and when experienced during pregnancy, IPV substantially harms maternal health. Still, limited research has examined how IPV may influence prenatal oral health and dental care utilization. This study investigates the relationship between IPV during pregnancy and women’s oral health experiences. Data: Data are from 31 states from 2016–2019 in the United States that participated in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (N = 85,289)—a population-based surveillance system of live births conducted annually by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state health departments. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between physical IPV during pregnancy (measured by being pushed, hit, slapped, kicked, choked, or physically hurt any other way by a current or ex-husband/partner) and various oral health experiences. Findings: Women who experienced prenatal physical IPV reported worse oral health experiences during pregnancy, including being more likely to report not knowing it was important to care for their teeth, not talking about dental health with a provider, needing to see a dentist for a problem, going to see a dentist for a problem, as well as having more unmet dental care needs. Conclusions: Together, these findings indicate that women who experience physical IPV during pregnancy have lower knowledge of prenatal oral health care, more oral health problems, and greater unmet dental care needs. Given the risk of IPV and oral health problems for maternal and infant health, the study findings point to greater attention toward the oral health needs of IPV-exposed pregnant women.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo749
PublicaciónBMC Oral Health
EstadoPublished - dic 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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