Perioperative management of pediatric patients undergoing juvenile angiofibroma resection. A case series and educational review highlighting patient blood management

M M Longacre, S C Seshadri, E Adil, L C Baird, S M Goobie

Producción científica: Review articlerevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

BACKGROUND: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas are one of the most enigmatic, bloody tumors encountered by otorhinolarygnologists, head and neck surgeons, neurosurgeons, and anesthesiologists. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas are rare, benign, highly vascular tumors with a propensity towards aggressive local invasion. Surgery, open or endoscopic, to remove the growth is the primary treatment of choice for Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. Historically, surgical resection was associated with massive, rapid blood loss, traditionally managed by blood product transfusion and deliberate hypotension. Preventative management employing multimodal blood conservation strategies should be an essential standard of perioperative care for patients with Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas.

METHODS: We describe a contemporary and comprehensive approach in the management of patients with high grade Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. This includes surgical strategies such as preemptive external carotid artery embolization, endoscopic surgical approach, and staged operations, as well as anesthetic strategies including antifibrinolytic therapy and acute normovolemic hemodilution. These surgeries, once synonymous with massive transfusion, may potentially be performed without allogeneic blood transfusion, or deliberate hypotension.

AIMS: Using a case series, the authors introduce a contemporary approach to multimodal, multidisciplinary blood conservation strategies for Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas surgery.

RESULTS: Here in the authors report on an updated contemporary perioperative clinical approach to patients with Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. From an anesthetic perspective, we describe the successful use of normal hemodynamic goals, restrictive transfusion strategy, antifibrinolytic therapy, autologous normovolemic hemodilution, and early extubation in the care of three adolescent males with highly invasive tumors. We demonstrate that new surgical and anesthetic strategies have yielded a significant decrease in intraoperative blood loss and eliminated the need for transfusion of autologous red blood cells, which enable improved outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: The perioperative approach to elective surgery for Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas management is presented from a multidisciplinary patient blood management perspective.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)510-519
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volumen33
N.º7
DOI
EstadoPublished - jul 2023

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