Patient and procedure selection for mechanical thrombectomy: Toward personalized medicine and the role of artificial intelligence

Fadi Al Saiegh, Alfredo Munoz, Lohit Velagapudi, Thana Theofanis, Neil Suryadevara, Priyadarshee Patel, Roland Jabre, Ching Jen Chen, Mohamed Shehabeldin, Michael Reid Gooch, Pascal Jabbour, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Robert H. Rosenwasser, Nabeel A. Herial

Producción científica: Review articlerevisión exhaustiva

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion is standard of care. Evidence-based guidelines on eligibility for MT have been outlined and evidence to extend the treatment benefit to more patients, particularly those at the extreme ends of a stroke clinical severity spectrum, is currently awaited. As patient selection continues to be explored, there is growing focus on procedure selection including the tools and techniques of thrombectomy and associated outcomes. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been instrumental in the area of patient selection for MT with a role in diagnosis and delivery of acute stroke care. Machine learning algorithms have been developed to detect cerebral ischemia and early infarct core, presence of large vessel occlusion, and perfusion deficit in acute ischemic stroke. Several available deep learning AI applications provide ready visualization and interpretation of cervical and cerebral arteries. Further enhancement of AI techniques to potentially include automated vessel probe tools in suspected large vessel occlusions is proposed. Value of AI may be extended to assist in procedure selection including both the tools and technique of thrombectomy. Delivering personalized medicine is the wave of the future and tailoring the MT treatment to a stroke patient is in line with this trend.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónJournal of Neuroimaging
DOI
EstadoPublished - sept 1 2022
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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