Nitric oxide concentration increases in the cutaneous interstitial space during heat stress in humans

D. L. Kellogg, J. L. Zhao, C. Friel, L. J. Romans

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

56 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

To examine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in cutaneous active vasodilation, we measured the NO concentration from skin before and during whole body heat stress in nine healthy subjects. A forearm site was instrumented with a NO-selective, amperometric electrode and an adjacent intradermal microdialysis probe. Skin blood flow (SkBF) was monitored by laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). NO concentrations and LDF were measured in normothermia and heat stress. After heat stress, a solution of ACh was perfused through the microdialysis probe to pharmacologically generate NO and verify the electrode's function. During whole body warming, both SkBF and NO concentrations began to increase at the same internal temperature. Both SkBF and NO concentrations increased during heat stress (402 ± 76% change from LDF baseline, P < 0.05; 22 ± 5% change from NO baseline, P < 0.1)5). During a second baseline condition after heat stress, ACh perfusion led to increases in both SkBF and NO concentrations (496 ± 119% change from LDF baseline, P < 0.05; 16 ± 10% change from NO baseline, P < 0.05). We conclude that NO does increase in skin during heat stress in humans, attendant to active vasodilation. This result suggests that NO has a role beyond that of a permissive factor in the process; rather, NO may well be an effector of cutaneous vasodilation during heat stress.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)1971-1977
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónJournal of applied physiology
Volumen94
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublished - may 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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