Navy En-Route Care in Future Distributed Maritime Operations: A Review of Clinician Capabilities and Roles of Care

Ian F. Eisenhauer, Benjamin D. Walrath, Vikhyat S. Bebarta, Matthew D. Tadlock, Jay B. Baker, Steven G. Schauer

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


Objective: As the United States Navy transitions from Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom to preparing for a near-peer competition, an increasing focus of wartime strategy relies upon a network of distributed naval assets for total sea control, known as Distributed Maritime Operations (DMO). Historically, embedded medical personnel have provided care at sea in times of war. Recent reviews of shipboard and evacuated mass casualty incidents have alluded to weaknesses in the existing Navy Medicine approach that will require advances in care provision to sustain high-quality care that would benefit from industry and civilian academic collaboration. To gain input from civilian prehospital expertise and insight, the current DMO and Navy En-Route Care (ERC) systems must be plainly described for non-Navy military and civilian leaders, clinicians, and researchers to understand. Methods: N/A Results: In this review, we translate US Navy structure and vernacular into common civilian and non-Navy language, describe the maritime role-tiered ERC system, elucidate the medical assets on each naval warship, and discuss clinician levels and capabilities while deployed to help communicate the inherent challenges of US Navy maritime medical care during routine operations, casualty treatment, stabilization, and evacuation. Conclusions: We describe the roles of care, clinician levels, and medical assets within the Navy ERC system for researchers and military leaders who aim to mitigate the inherent challenges of future maritime trauma care in the age of Distributed Maritime Operations. This paper lays the framework of the Navy deployed medical system to enable research in maritime en-route care, and prompt inclusion of identified solutions into common use in the US Navy.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)465-472
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónPrehospital Emergency Care
EstadoPublished - 2023
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency
  • Emergency Medicine


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