Myeloid/Lymphoid Neoplasm with FGFR1 Rearrangement Presenting with Polycythemia Vera and T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Myeloid/Lymphoid Neoplasm with FGFR1 Rearrangement

Lisa M. Marinelli, Joshua T. Romain, William Ehman, Veronica Ortega, Gopalrao Velagaleti, Thomas F. Gibbons, Ashley Nazario-Toole, Allen R. Holmes

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Myeloid/lymphoid neoplasm with fibroblast growth factor 1 rearrangements (MLN-FGFR1) represents a rare group of hematologic neoplasms, with approximately 100 cases reported to date. A 69-year-old woman with a history of polycythemia and leukocytosis, with negative molecular testing for JAK2, CALR, and MPL, presented with diffuse adenopathy. A lymph node (LN) biopsy revealed effacement by T-lymphoblasts, consistent with T-cell acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-ALL). A staging bone marrow (BM) biopsy demonstrated trilineage hyperplasia, which, taken together with the patient's elevated hemoglobin and low serum erythropoietin level, fulfilled diagnostic criteria for polycythemia vera. Karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization on both the BM and LN demonstrated a FGFR1 rearrangement due to t(8;13), consistent with MLN-FGFR1. Whole genome sequencing on the LN additionally identified a pathogenic frameshift mutation of ASXL1 NC_000020.11:g32434646dup NM_015338.6(ASXL1):c.1934dup p.(Gly646Trpfs) predicted to result in loss of protein function, a finding also observed in 8.1% of BM reads. Both the BM and LN harbored missense variants in HDAC4 NM_001378414.1(HDAC4):c.[2763G>A]; [2763=] p.(Met921Ile) and CHEK2 NM_007194.4(CHEK2):c.[538C>T];[538=] p.(Arg180Cys), with an unknown significance. Despite initial response to Mini-CVD + venetoclax, the patient subsequently experienced rapid clinical deterioration and death. We report the second case of MLN-FGFR1 with an ASXL1 mutation and the first case with HDAC4 and CHEK2 variants.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)43-47
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónCancer Genetics
Volumen276-277
DOI
EstadoPublished - ago 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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