Knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) of adaptable academic nurse educators

Marie Gilbert, Sabrina T. Beroz, Priscilla Loanzon, Tiffany Leanne Zyniewicz, Sandra M. Swoboda, Cynthia O'Neal, Paula Gubrud

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva


Aim: Using the Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes (KSAs) framework, the aim of this study was to explore the specific knowledge, skills and attitudes of adaptable nurse educators to help inform the preparation of current and future educators for smooth transitions during periods of change. Background: External events, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and wildfires can force programs to relocate and suspend classes for several days or weeks. These natural disasters have the potential to have a negative impact on the number of nursing students graduating on time as well as the quality of the clinical education experience and preparation for practice. Many lessons about educator adaptability can be learned from the COVID-19 restrictions. Identifying the KSAs of adaptable nurse educators during the rapidly changing educational landscape provided the opportunity for a foundational needs assessment to guide the preparation of educators for seamless transitions during times of change. Design: To identify the KSA's of adaptable nurse educators, an exploratory qualitative study using focus groups was conducted. The study used thematic analysis. Methods: The research team developed, and pilot-tested focus group interview questions based on content areas identified in the literature. Targeted questions included queries specific to the KSAs necessary for adaptation and successful teaching using simulation. Educators from pre-licensure nursing programs in the United States participated in one of five 60-minute focus groups held virtually via a secure online meeting platform. Results: Adaptable nurse educators have knowledge of resources, ongoing assessment, evaluation and teaching strategies and an understanding of the skillsets of their colleagues. Their skills include leadership, teamwork, redesigning learning and assessment. They demonstrate qualities such as resilience, empathy, acceptance, openness and positivity. Conclusion: With the current nursing workforce crisis, external events cannot be allowed to slow academic progression and graduation from nursing programs. In this exploratory qualitative study using focus groups, the KSAs held by adaptable nurse educators were explored. The findings of this study highlight the importance of collaboration and teamwork in academic institutes. The findings can be used as the foundation for nursing programs to prepare for future external events.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo103933
PublicaciónNurse Education in Practice
EstadoPublished - mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Nursing


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