Isradipine augmentation of virtual reality cue exposure therapy for tobacco craving: a triple-blind randomized controlled trial

Cara C. Young, Santiago Papini, Haruka Minami, Hitoshi Morikawa, Michael W. Otto, John D. Roache, Jasper A.J. Smits

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Preclinical research with rodents suggests that the L-type calcium channel blocker isradipine can enhance long-term extinction of conditioned place preference for addictive substances when it is administered in conjunction with extinction training. Although isradipine alone, which is FDA-approved for hypertension, has not shown a direct effect on craving in human drug users, its potential to augment behavioral treatments designed to reduce craving remains unknown. We conducted a triple-blind, randomized placebo-controlled pilot clinical trial of isradipine combined with a novel virtual reality cue exposure therapy (VR-CET) approach with multimodal cues that targeted craving. After 24 hours of abstinence, 78 adults with an ongoing history of daily cigarette use received isradipine (n = 40) or placebo (n = 38) and reported craving levels after each of 10 trials of VR-CET. Consistent with pre-registered hypotheses, the isradipine group had significantly lower mean craving across cue exposure trials at the medication-free 24-hour follow-up (d = −0.42, p = 0.046). There were no serious adverse events; however, side effects such as headache and dizziness occurred more frequently in the isradipine group. The findings of the current study support follow-up clinical trials that specifically test the efficacy of isradipine-augmented VR-CET for reducing smoking relapse rates after an initial quit attempt. clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03083353.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónNeuropsychopharmacology
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology

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