Intramural hematoma of the esophagus: A pictorial essay

Carlos S. Restrepo, Diego F. Lemos, Daniel Ocazionez, Rogelio Moncada, Carlos R. Gimenez

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

58 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Intramural hematoma of the esophagus (IHE) is a rare but well-documented condition that is part of the spectrum of esophageal injuries which includes the more common Mallory-Weiss tear and Boerhaave's syndrome. Acute retrosternal or epigastric pain is a common clinical feature, which can be accompanied by dysphagia, odynophagia, or hematemesis. An early differentiation from Mallory-Weiss tear, Boerhaave syndrome, ruptured aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, acute myocardial infarction, or pulmonary pathology can be difficult. Computed tomography (CT) is the imaging modality of choice and characteristically reveals a concentric or eccentric thickening of the esophageal wall with well-defined borders and variable degree of obliteration of the lumen. Measurement of the attenuation values within the lesion will reveal blood density which varies according to the age of the hematoma. CT should be considered the preferred diagnostic technique, thereby facilitating proper clinical management. Early diagnosis is crucial as most patients maybe treated conservatively with good outcome.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)13-22
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónEmergency Radiology
Volumen15
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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