Inadequacy of self-Implemented preventive measures to control caries increment due to poor dietary habits in 6 and 12 years old children in Riga, Latvia

Jekaterina Gudkina, Bennett T. Amaechi, Stephen H. Abrams, Anda Brinkmane, Ieva Jelisejeva

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Aim. This study investigated whether the self-implemented preventive measures practiced among the 6 and 12 years olds in Riga, Latvia can control the caries increment due to poor dietary habits among this age groups. Material and methods. Caries examination was performed on Thirty-eight 6 and thirty-nine 12 years olds by visual and bitewing radiographic examination at baseline and after 3 years. All participants and/or their parents completed dietary habits questionnaires. The data was analyzed using t-test, chi-square test, ANOVA and frequency tables, Wilcoxon and Fisher’s tests (α=0.05). Results. The mean (SD) values of caries experience at baseline/3-year period in 6-vs.12-year olds were as follows. DMFS: 0.72 (1.02)/3.13 (3.13) (p=0.0000) vs. 6.79 (5.14)/14.79 (9.86) (p=0.0000); dmfs: 11.26(8.71)/7.74 (4.86) (p=0.078) vs. 3.57 (2.03)/1.5 (0.71) (p=0.317). The statistical significance was reported only for the consumption of soft drinks (p=0.032) and sugared tea (p=0.018) for the 6 years olds, and for sugared tea (p=0.017) and number of teaspoons of sugar added to tea (p=0.0095) for the 12-years olds. There was positive caries increment in all the 6 and 12 years olds that reported significant increase in consumption of soft drinks and sugared tea, and increase daily number of teaspoons of sugar used in tea. Conclusions. The present study demonstrated high cariogenic diet among the children in Riga, which is associated with increased caries experience that the currently practiced self-implemented oral hygiene measures was not capable of controlling.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)13-20
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónStomatologija
Volumen24
N.º1
EstadoPublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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