Improvements in Adolescents’ Disordered Eating Behaviors in a Collaborative Care Digital Mental Health Intervention: Retrospective Observational Study

Landry Goodgame Huffman, Darian Lawrence-Sidebottom, Aislinn Brenna Beam, Amit Parikh, Rachael Guerra, Monika Roots, Jennifer Huberty

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: Young people today are exhibiting increasing rates of disordered eating behaviors, as well as eating disorders (EDs), alongside other mental and behavioral problems such as anxiety and depression. However, limited access to mental health care means that EDs, disordered eating behaviors, and comorbid mental health problems are often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Digital mental health interventions (DMHIs) offer accessible and scalable alternatives to traditional treatment modalities, but their effectiveness has not been well established among adolescents with EDs and disordered eating behaviors. Objective: This study uses data from a collaborative care pediatric DMHI to determine whether participation in a DMHI is associated with a reduction in adolescents’ disordered eating behaviors. Methods: Adolescent members in care with Bend Health Inc completed the SCOFF questionnaire at baseline (before the start of care) and approximately every month during care to assess disordered eating behaviors. They also completed assessments of mental health symptoms at baseline. Member characteristics, mental health symptoms, and disordered eating behaviors of adolescents with elevated SCOFF scores at baseline (before the start of care) were compared to those of adolescents with nonelevated SCOFF scores at baseline. Members participated in web-based coaching or therapy sessions throughout the duration of mental health care. Results: Compared to adolescents with nonelevated SCOFF scores (n=520), adolescents with elevated SCOFF scores (n=169) were predominantly female and exhibited higher rates of elevated anxiety and depressive symptoms. SCOFF scores decreased over time in care with the DMHI for 61.4% (n=70) of adolescents with elevated SCOFF scores, and each additional month of participation was associated with greater improvements in disordered eating behaviors (F1,233=72.82; P<.001). Conclusions: Our findings offer promising preliminary evidence that participation in mental health care with a collaborative care DMHI may be beneficial in the reduction of disordered eating symptoms in adolescents, including those who are experiencing comorbid anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículoe54253
PublicaciónJMIR Formative Research
Volumen8
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 2024
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Improvements in Adolescents’ Disordered Eating Behaviors in a Collaborative Care Digital Mental Health Intervention: Retrospective Observational Study'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto