Importance of fathers' parenting to African-American toddler's social and cognitive development

Michelle L. Kelley, Tammy S. Smith, Arlene P. Green, Andrea E. Berndt, Melissa C. Rogers

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

44 Citas (Scopus)


The present study examined the degree to which parenting attitudes and behavior (i.e., self-reported warmth, restrictiveness, and behavioral sensitivity as assessed during a freeplay session) were related to toddlers' development. Results showed a restrictive attitude was negatively related to social and cognitive development, whereas paternal sensitivity was positively related to aspects of social development that are less dependent on language skills (e.g., motor and daily living skills). Fathers of girls exhibited greater sensitivity in their freeplay interactions than fathers of boys. More globally, the present research demonstrates important relations between the parenting attitudes and behavior of low- to working-income African-American fathers and young children's development, and similarities to White, middle-income fathers.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)733-744
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónInfant Behavior and Development
EstadoPublished - 1998
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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