Introduction:Orthopaedic trauma demonstrates a relatively high rate of surgical site infections (SSI) as compared with other surgical specialties. SSIs provide significant clinical challenges and create significant health care costs. Incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) has reduced the risk of SSI in orthopaedic surgery and other surgical specialties.Purpose:The purpose of this study is to investigate potential cost savings with the use of iNPWT (3M Prevena Therapy, 3M, St. Paul, MN) in high-risk orthopaedic trauma patients with closed OTA/AO 41C and 43C fractures.Methods:This is a retrospective cohort study performed at a single, level-1 trauma center using data from a lower extremity fracture registry. Using the results from the registry and baseline infection rates derived from the literature, a health economic model was developed to evaluate the potential cost savings.Results:A total of 79 patients included in the registry underwent open reduction and internal fixation of OTA/AO 41C and 43C fractures. A total of 10.1% developed a SSI. For those who received iNPWT, the rate of SSI was 7.4%. A health economic model suggests that the use of iNPWT may reduce the costs per patient by approximately $1381 to $4436 per patient.Conclusions:This health economic assessment and model suggests that judicious use of iNPWT may reduce health care costs in patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation of OTA/AO 41C and 43C fractures.Level of Evidence:Economic Level IV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine