Hippocampal perineuronal nets are required for the sustained antidepressant effect of ketamine

Jennifer J. Donegan, Daniel J. Lodge

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: N-methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antagonists, like ketamine, produce a rapid-Acting and long-lasting antidepressant effect. Although the mechanism is not completely understood, ketamine is thought to preferentially target N-methyl- D-Aspartate receptors on fast-spiking parvalbumin-containing interneurons. The function of parvalbumin-containing interneurons is dependent on perineuronal nets, a specialized form of extracellular matrix that surrounds these cells. Methods: Chondroitinase was used to enzymatically degrade perineuronal nets surrounding parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the ventral hippocampus, a region that is involved in the antidepressant response to ketamine. Rats were tested on the forced swim test 30 minutes and 1 week after ketamine administration. Results: Thirty minutes after ketamine injection, both chondroitinase-Treated and control animals had a decrease in immobility. One week later, however, the antidepressant-like response observed with ketamine was completely abolished in the chondroitinase-Treated animals. Conclusion: This suggests that parvalbumin interneuron function in the ventral hippocampus is essential for the sustained antidepressant effect of ketamine.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)354-358
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volumen20
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublished - abr 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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