Background: Trainees in difficulty require additional support to complete training program and become successful physicians. This study reviewed the current remediation practices and outcomes of trainees in difficulty. Methods: A PRISMA-based literature review was performed. Meta-analyses were performed using random effects model. Results: 30 studies met inclusion criteria. Sixteen studies surveyed program directors and 14 were observational. Prevalence and attrition of trainees in difficulty ranged widely from 2.0% to 30.7% and 0.0%–50.0%, respectively, with significant heterogeneity. Pooled odds of attrition was higher for trainees in difficulty, however, the confidence interval crossed one and there was statistically significant heterogeneity. Residents in difficulty were significantly less likely to become board certified (OR = 0.08, 95%-CI = 0.04–0.18; I2 = 0%, P = .70). Conclusion: Trainees in difficulty were less likely to be board certified but attrition rate did not differ. Future studies with standardized criteria for trainees in difficulty and better reporting of the outcomes can better guide our remediation practices.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Número de páginas||13|
|Publicación||American journal of surgery|
|Estado||Published - ago 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas