Fungal keratitis caused by Coniochaeta mutabilis—A case report

Jadesola Oremosu, Lawson Ung, James Chodosh, Connie Cañete-Gibas, Nathan P. Wiederhold, Emma C. Davies, Paulo J.M. Bispo

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We present a rare case of recalcitrant fungal keratitis caused by Coniochaeta mutabilis, successfully managed with a course of oral, topical, intrastromal, and intracameral antifungals. A 57-year-old male on their fourth week of treatment for presumed left herpes simplex keratitis presented to clinic with severe left-sided foreign body sensation after gardening in his yard. On examination, a white corneal plaque was observed at 8 o'clock, shown to be a dense collection of fungal hyphae on confocal microscopy. Corneal cultures revealed yeast-like cells, initially identified as Kabatiella zeae by matching 100% identity with K. zeae strains CBS 767.71 and CBS 265.32 in BLASTn search using the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence. Treated for over four months with topical amphotericin B and oral voriconazole without improvement, recourse to intrastromal and intracameral amphotericin B injections, coupled with the application of cyanoacrylate glue to the lesion and a bandage contact lens, led to eventual resolution. The patient subsequently underwent cataract surgery, achieving a BCVA of 20/20 in the eye. Surprisingly, upon further sequence analyses of combined ITS and large subunit ribosomal ribonucleic acid (LSU) and investigation of the K. zeae German strain CBS 767.71, the organism was revealed to be Coniochaeta mutabilis (formerly Lecythospora mutabilis). This means that the correct name for CBS 767.71 and CBS 265.32 is C. mutabilis and should be corrected in the GenBank record to avoid misleading identification in the future.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo101384
PublicaciónJournal of Medical Mycology
EstadoPublished - may 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases


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