Focus on Research Methods - Cigarette smoking: Evidence to guide measurement

Kathleen R. Stevens, Laura R. Muñoz

Resultado de la investigación: Review articlerevisión exhaustiva

48 Citas (Scopus)


Smoking cessation programs measure outcomes in terms of abstinence from or reduction in smoking. These outcomes can be measured through self-report by the smoker, through measurement with a biological marker of smoking, or through a combination of both. Consideration of the relative advantages of self-report and biomarker approaches is important in the selection of measurement strategies to evaluate outcomes in smoking cessation interventions. In this article both ways of measuring smoking behavior, self-report and biomarkers of carbon monoxide, cotinine, nicotine, thiocyanate, and alkaloids of nicotine, are explored. Measurement approaches are discussed in light of research evidence and their physiologic bases.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)281-292
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónResearch in Nursing and Health
EstadoPublished - ago 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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