Evaluation of the Catheter Clamp over Hydrophilic Guide Wire Central Venous Catheter Exchange Technique for Air Embolism Prophylaxis in an In Vitro Model

Noah A. Fanous, Annie Dang, Ashley Andrew, Jay Shah, Andrew Wilkey, Rahul Khandekar, Nikita Jhangiani, Aaron H. Fanous, Matthew Parker, Carlos B. Ortiz, Jorge Lopera, John A. Walker

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Purpose: To develop a reproducible in vitro model simulating central venous catheter (CVC) exchange with high potential for air embolization and test the hypothesis that a closed catheter clamp over hydrophilic guide wire exchange technique will significantly reduce the volume of air introduced during CVC exchange. Materials and Methods: The model consisted of a 16-F valved sheath, 240-mL container, and pressure transducer submerged in water in a 1,200-mL suction canister system. Continuous wall suction was applied to the canister to maintain negative pressure at −7 mm Hg or −11 mm Hg. Each trial consisted of 0.035-inch hydrophilic guide wire introduction, over-the-wire catheter exchange, and wire removal following clinical protocol. A total of 256 trials were performed, 128 trials at each pressure with the catheter clamp open (n = 64) or closed (n = 64) around the hydrophilic guide wire. Results: There was a statistically significant lower volume of air introduced with closed clamp over-the-wire exchanges than with open clamp exchanges at both pressures (2-tailed t-test, P < .001). At −7 mm Hg, a mean of 48.0 mL (SD ± 9.3) of air was introduced with open clamp and 20.6 mL (SD ± 4.7) of air was introduced with closed clamp. At −11 mm Hg, 97.8 mL (SD ± 11.9) of air was introduced with open clamp and 37.8 mL (SD ± 6.3) of air was introduced with closed clamp. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the use of a reproducible in vitro model mimicking conditions causing air embolism during CVC exchange. Results showed that CVC exchange using closed catheter clamp over hydrophilic guide wire exchange technique significantly reduced the volume of air introduced per exchange.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)122-126
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volumen35
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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