Evaluation of an Artificial Mouth for Dental Caries Development

Bennett T. Amaechi, Parveez Ahamed Abdul Azees, Rayane Farah, Fatemeh Movaghari Pour, Andrew M. Dillow, Chun Yen Lin

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


This study validated a microbial caries model (artificial mouth) for dental caries development to determine the optimal time to create early caries suitable for evaluation of the efficacy of caries therapeutic agents. In all, 40 human enamel blocks were placed in an artificial mouth at 37 °C and 5% CO2 and were exposed to brain heart infusion broth inoculated with S. mutans in continuous circulation (0.3 mL/min). The culture medium was replaced three times daily. Samples were exposed to 10% sucrose for 3 min, 3 times daily to promote biofilm growth. Five samples were harvested from the chamber after 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. At the end of experiment, samples were assessed visually by ICDAS criteria, while lesion depth (LD) and mineral loss (ML) were measured using polarizing light microscopy and transverse microradiography. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation, ANOVA, and Tukey comparison test (p < 0.05). Results showed significant and strong positive correlation (p < 0.01) between all variables and biofilm growth time. LD and ML profiles of 7-day lesions seem to be the most suitable for remineralization studies. In conclusion, using the evaluated artificial mouth, early-stage caries suitable for products’ evaluation studies was produced within 7 days of exposure to microbial biofilm.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo628
EstadoPublished - mar 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Microbiology


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