Dynamics of Mixed–Candida Species Biofilms in Response to Antifungals

G. Vipulanandan, M. Herrera, N. P. Wiederhold, X. Li, J. Mintz, B. L. Wickes, D. Kadosh

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

14 Citas (Scopus)


Oral infections caused by Candida species, the most commonly isolated human fungal pathogen, are frequently associated with biofilms. Although Candida albicans is the predominant organism found in patients with oral thrush, a biofilm infection, there is an increasing incidence of oral colonization and infections caused by non-albicans Candida species, including C. glabrata, C. dubliniensis, and C. tropicalis, which are frequently more resistant to antifungal treatment. While single-species Candida biofilms have been well studied, considerably less is known about the dynamics of mixed–Candida species biofilms and how these dynamics are altered by antifungal treatment. To address these questions, we developed a quantitative polymerase chain reaction–based approach to determine the precise species composition of mixed–Candida species biofilms formed by clinical isolates and laboratory strains in the presence and absence of clinically relevant concentrations of 3 commonly used antifungals: fluconazole, caspofungin, and amphotericin B. In monospecies biofilms, fluconazole exposure favored growth of C. glabrata and C. tropicalis, while caspofungin generally favored significant growth of all species to a varying degree. Fluconazole was not effective against preformed mixed–Candida species biofilms while amphotericin B was potent. As a general trend, in mixed–Candida species biofilms, C. albicans lost dominance in the presence of antifungals. Interestingly, presence in mixed versus monospecies biofilms reduced susceptibility to amphotericin B for C. tropicalis and C. glabrata. Overall, our data suggest that antifungal treatment favors the growth of specific non-albicans Candida species in mixed–Candida species biofilms.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)91-98
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónJournal of dental research
EstadoPublished - ene 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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