Dynamic localization of G proteins in Dictyostelium discoideum

Carrie A. Elzie, Jennifer Colby, Morgan A. Sammons, Chris Janetopoulos

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

30 Citas (Scopus)


Extracellular stimuli exert their effects on eukaryotic cells via serpentine G-protein-coupled receptors and mediate a vast number of physiological responses. Activated receptors stimulate heterotrimeric G-proteins, consisting of three subunits, α, β and γ. In Dictyostelium discoideum, cAMP binds to the cAMP receptor cAR1, which is coupled to the heterotrimer containing the Ga2 subunit. These studies provide in vivo evidence as to how receptors influence the localization of the G-protein complex prior to and after ligand binding. Previous work has shown that the state of the heterotrimer could be monitored by changes in fluorescence (or Förster) resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the α2- and β-subunits of D. discoideum. We now report the kinetics of G-protein activation as a loss of FRET prior to and after cAMP addition by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). We also performed photobleaching experiments to measure G-protein recovery times. Our data show that inactive and active G-proteins cycle between the cytosol and plasma membrane. These data suggest that cAR1 activation slows the membrane dissociation ('off') rate of the α2 subunit, while simultaneously promoting βγ-subunit dissociation.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)2597-2603
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónJournal of cell science
EstadoPublished - ago 1 2009
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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