Diminished injury in hypotransferrinemic mice after exposure to a metal- rich particle

Andrew J. Ghio, Jacqueline D. Carter, Judy H. Richards, Kay M. Crissman, Heather H. Bobb, Funmei Yang

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

22 Citas (Scopus)


Using the hypotransferrinemic (Hp) mouse model, we studied the effect of altered iron homeostasis on the defense of the lung against a catalytically active metal. The homozygotic (hpx/hpx) Hp mice had greatly diminished concentrations of both serum and lavage fluid transferrin relative to wild- type mice and heterozygotes. Fifty micrograms of a particle containing abundant concentrations of metals (a residual oil fly ash) was instilled into wild-type mice and heterozygotic and homozygotic Hp animals. There was an oxidative stress associated with particle exposure as manifested by decreased lavage fluid concentrations of ascorbate. However, rather than an increase in lung injury, diminished transferrin concentrations in homozygotic Hp mice were associated with decreased indexes of damage, including concentrations of relevant cytokines, inflammatory cell influx, lavage fluid protein, and lavage fluid lactate dehydrogenase. Comparable to other organs in the homozygotic Hp mouse, siderosis of the lung was evident, with elevated concentrations of lavage fluid and tissue iron. Consequent to these increased concentrations of iron, proteins to store and transport iron, ferritin, and lactoferrin, respectively, were increased when assayed by immunoprecipitation and immunohistochemistry. We conclude that the lack of transferrin in Hp mice did not predispose the animals to lung injury after exposure to a particle abundant in metals. Rather, these mice demonstrated a diminished injury that was associated with an increase in the metal storage and transport proteins.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)L1051-L1061
PublicaciónAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
N.º5 22-5
EstadoPublished - may 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology


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