Diabetes Changes Symptoms Cluster Patterns in Persons Living With HIV

Julie Ann Zuniga, Eliezer Bose, Jungmin Park, M. Danet Lapiz-Bluhm, Alexandra A. García

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

12 Citas (Scopus)


Approximately 10-15% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) have a comorbid diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM). Both of these long-term chronic conditions are associated with high rates of symptom burden. The purpose of our study was to describe symptom patterns for PLWH with DM (PLWH+DM) using a large secondary dataset. The prevalence, burden, and bothersomeness of symptoms reported by patients in routine clinic visits during 2015 were assessed using the 20-item HIV Symptom Index. Principal component analysis was used to identify symptom clusters. Three main clusters were identified: (a) neurological/psychological, (b) gastrointestinal/flu-like, and (c) physical changes. The most prevalent symptoms were fatigue, poor sleep, aches, neuropathy, and sadness. When compared to a previous symptom study with PLWH, symptoms clustered differently in our sample of patients with dual diagnoses of HIV and diabetes. Clinicians should appropriately assess symptoms for their patients' comorbid conditions.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
PublicaciónJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
EstadoAccepted/In press - 2017
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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