Determination of effective energies in CT calibration

Michael R. Millner, William H. Payne, Robert G. Waggener, William D. McDavid, Michael J. Dennis, Victor J. Sank

Resultado de la investigación: Letterrevisión exhaustiva

32 Citas (Scopus)


The effective energy of a polychromatic beam for a Computed Tomography (CT) scanner can be measured directly only with difficulty. However, a linear relationship exists between the measured CT numbers and corresponding attenuation coefficients of known materials at the effective energy of the x-ray beam. The effective energy can then be determined by searching all energies for the best linear correlation between the CT numbers and the attenuation coefficients. This can be performed by two methods: graphically, by means of choosing visually the straightest of the fitted lines or, mathematically, by maximizing the correlation coefficient. The energy corresponding to the optimal fit is therefore selected as the effective energy. The latter method was implemented by computer and demonstrated by scanning the AAPM phantom, which contained known materials, and determining the effective energies and the relationship between the linear attenuation coefficients and CT numbers for three commercial units.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)543-545
Número de páginas3
PublicaciónMedical physics
EstadoPublished - nov 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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