Current Status of Epitranscriptomic Marks Affecting lncRNA Structures and Functions

Henry E. Miller, Mirolyuba Ilieva, Alexander J.R. Bishop, Shizuka Uchida

Producción científica: Review articlerevisión exhaustiva

9 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) belong to a class of non-protein-coding RNAs with their lengths longer than 200 nucleotides. Most of the mammalian genome is transcribed as RNA, yet only a small percent of the transcribed RNA corresponds to exons of protein-coding genes. Thus, the number of lncRNAs is predicted to be several times higher than that of protein-coding genes. Because of sheer number of lncRNAs, it is often difficult to elucidate the functions of all lncRNAs, especially those arising from their relationship to their binding partners, such as DNA, RNA, and proteins. Due to their binding to other macromolecules, it has become evident that the structures of lncRNAs influence their functions. In this regard, the recent development of epitranscriptomics (the field of study to investigate RNA modifications) has become important to further elucidate the structures and functions of lncRNAs. In this review, the current status of lncRNA structures and functions influenced by epitranscriptomic marks is discussed.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo23
PublicaciónNon-coding RNA
Volumen8
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - abr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

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