Post-myocardial infarction (MI), chemokine homing of inflammatory cells into the injured left ventricle (LV) regulates ventricular remodeling, in part by stimulating the extracellular matrix response. The CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a key chemokine receptor expressed on macrophages, and CCR5 ligands are highly upregulated post-MI. We hypothesized that deletion of CCR5 would attenuate adverse remodeling by decreasing inflammatory cell recruitment. Accordingly, we examined LV function, macrophage recruitment and activation, and collagen content in wild-type (WT, n = 25) and CCR5 null (n = 33) mice at 7 days post-MI. Both groups had similar infarct sizes (44 ± 2% in WT and 42 ± 2% in CCR5 null; P =0.37). However, the LV remodeling index (end diastolic volume/LV mass) increased to a larger extent in CCR5 null (1.28 ± 0.08 μl/mg for CCR5 null and 1.02 ± 0.06 μl/mg for WT; P < 0.05). Although numbers of infiltrated macrophages were similar in WT and CCR5 null mice, CCR5-deficient macrophages isolated from the infarct zone displayed >50% decrease in gene expression levels of proinflammatory activation markers (interleukin 1β, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor α), as well as anti-inflammatory activation markers (arginase 1, CD163, mannose receptor, and transforming growth factor- β 1) compared with WT (all P <0.05). Concomitant with the reduced macrophage activation, heat shock protein-47 and collagen type I precursor levels in the infarct region decreased in the CCR5 null (1.2 ± 0.3 units in the CCR5 null and 2.3 ± 0.4 units in the WT; P < 0.05), while collagen fragments increased (88.3 ± 5.9 units in the CCR5 null and 32.7 ± 8.5 units in the WT; P < 0.05). We conclude that CCR5 deletion impairs LV remodeling by hindering macrophage activation, which stimulates an imbalance in collagen metabolism and increases the remodeling index.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Publicación||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Estado||Published - abr. 2011|
|Publicado de forma externa||Sí|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)