CBCT-guided adaptive radiotherapy using self-supervised sequential domain adaptation with uncertainty estimation

Nima Ebadi, Ruiqi Li, Arun Das, Arkajyoti Roy, Papanikolaou Nikos, Peyman Najafirad

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

4 Citas (Scopus)


Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is an advanced technology in modern cancer treatment that incorporates progressive changes in patient anatomy into active plan/dose adaption during the fractionated treatment. However, the clinical application relies on the accurate segmentation of cancer tumors on low-quality on-board images, which has posed challenges for both manual delineation and deep learning-based models. In this paper, we propose a novel sequence transduction deep neural network with an attention mechanism to learn the shrinkage of the cancer tumor based on patients’ weekly cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). We design a self-supervised domain adaption (SDA) method to learn and adapt the rich textural and spatial features from pre-treatment high-quality computed tomography (CT) to CBCT modality in order to address the poor image quality and lack of labels. We also provide uncertainty estimation for sequential segmentation, which aids not only in the risk management of treatment planning but also in the calibration and reliability of the model. Our experimental results based on a clinical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) dataset with sixteen patients and ninety-six longitudinal CBCTs show that our model correctly learns weekly deformation of the tumor over time with an average dice score of 0.92 on the immediate next step, and is able to predict multiple steps (up to 5 weeks) for future patient treatments with an average dice score reduction of 0.05. By incorporating the tumor shrinkage predictions into a weekly re-planning strategy, our proposed method demonstrates a significant decrease in the risk of radiation-induced pneumonitis up to 35% while maintaining the high tumor control probability.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo102800
PublicaciónMedical Image Analysis
EstadoPublished - may 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Health Informatics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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