Caloric restriction preserves memory and reduces anxiety of aging mice with early enhancement of neurovascular functions

Ishita Parikh, Janet Guo, Kai Hsiang Chuang, Yu Zhong, Ralf G. Rempe, Jared D. Hoffman, Rachel Armstrong, Björn Bauer, Anika M.S. Hartz, Ai Ling Lin

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

48 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Neurovascular integrity plays an important role in protecting cognitive and mental health in aging. Lifestyle interventions that sustain neurovascular integrity may thus be critical on preserving brain functions in aging and reducing the risk for age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Here we show that caloric restriction (CR) had an early effect on neurovascular enhancements, and played a critical role in preserving vascular, cognitive and mental health in aging. In particular, we found that CR significantly enhanced cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier function in young mice at 5-6 months of age. The neurovascular enhancements were associated with reduced mammalian target of rapamycin expression, elevated endothelial nitric oxide synthase signaling, and increased ketone bodies utilization. With age, CR decelerated the rate of decline in CBF. The preserved CBF in hippocampus and frontal cortex were highly correlated with preserved memory and learning, and reduced anxiety, of the aging mice treated with CR (18-20 months of age). Our results suggest that dietary intervention started in the early stage (e.g., young adults) may benefit cognitive and mental reserve in aging. Understanding nutritional effects on neurovascular functions may have profound implications in human brain aging and age-related neurodegenerative disorders.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)2814-2826
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónAging
Volumen8
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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