Bariatric Surgery Alters the Postprandial Recovery From Hypoglycemia, Mediated by Cholinergic Signal

Marzieh Salehi, Devjit Tripathy, Richard Peterson, Henri Honka, Samantha Pezzica, Ralph De Fronzo, Amalia Gastaldelli

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) surgeries increase prandial insulin and glucagon secretion but reduce the endogenous glucose production (EGP) response to hypoglycemia in comparison with control subjects who had not undergone gastric surgery (CN), suggesting that parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) plays a role. Here, we investigated the effect of acute PNS blockade on the post-meal counterregulatory response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia in GB and SG compared with CN. Glucose kinetics and islet cell secretion were measured in nine subjects without diabetes with GB and seven with SG and five CN during hyperinsulinemichypoglycemic clamp (∼3.2 mmol/L) combined with meal ingestion on two separate days with and without intravenous atropine infusion. Glucose and hormonal levels were similar at baseline and during steady-state hypoglycemia before meal ingestion in three groups and unaffected by atropine. Atropine infusion diminished prandial systemic appearance of ingested glucose (RaO) by 30%, EGP by 40%, and glucagon response to hypoglycemia by 90%in CN. In GB or SG, blocking PNS had no effect on the RaO or meal-induced hyperglucagonemia but increased EGP in SG without any effect in GB (P < 0.05 interaction). These findings indicate that cholinergic signal contributes to the recovery from hypoglycemia by meal consumption in humans. However, bariatric surgery dissipates PNS-mediated physiologic responses to hypoglycemia in the fedstate.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)1374-1383
Número de páginas10
EstadoPublished - oct 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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