Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin upregulates intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in endothelial cells via an aldose reductase-, MAPK-, and NF-κB-dependent pathway, leading to monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells

Hyun Cheol Roh, Do Young Yoo, Su Hyuk Ko, Young Jeon Kim, Jung Mogg Kim

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

21 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) produces a ∼20-kDa heat-labile enterotoxin (BFT) that plays an essential role in mucosal inflammation. Although a variety of inflammatory cells is found at ETBF-infected sites, little is known about leukocyte adhesion in response to BFT stimulation. We investigated whether BFT affected the expression of ICAM-1 and monocytic adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs). Stimulation of HUVECs and rat aortic ECs with BFT resulted in the induction of ICAM-1 expression. Upregulation of ICAM-1 was dependent on the activation of IκB kinase (IKK) and NF-κB signaling. In contrast, suppression of AP-1 did not affect ICAM-1 expression in BFT-stimulated cells. Suppression of NF-κB activity in HUVECs significantly reduced monocytic adhesion, indicating that ICAM-1 expression is indispensable for BFT-induced adhesion of monocytes to the endothelium. Inhibition of JNK resulted in a significant attenuation of BFT-induced ICAM-1 expression in ECs. Moreover, inhibition of aldose reductase significantly reduced JNK-dependent IKK/NF-κB activation, ICAM-1 expression, and adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs. These results suggest that a signaling pathway involving aldose reductase, JNK, IKK, and NF-κB is required for ICAM-1 induction in ECs exposed to BFT, and may be involved in the leukocyte-adhesion cascade following infection with ETBF.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)1931-1941
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónJournal of Immunology
Volumen187
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublished - ago 15 2011
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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