Apoptosis modulation by activin A and follistatin in human endometrial stromal cells

Larissa M. Coutinho, Erica L. Vieira, Cynthia Dela Cruz, Maíra Casalechi, Antonio L. Teixeira, Helen L. Del Puerto, Fernando M. Reis

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Activin A is a growth factor that stimulates decidualization and is abundantly expressed in endometrial proliferative disorders. Nevertheless, whether it directly affects endometrial cell survival is still unknown. This study investigated the effects of activin A on total death and apoptosis rates and on tumor necrosis factor (TNF) release by human endometrial stromal cells (HESC). We performed a controlled prospective in vitro study using primary HESC cultures obtained from healthy reproductive age women (n = 11). Cells were treated with medium alone (control) or activin A (25 ng/mL) or activin A (25 ng/mL) and its antagonist follistatin (250 ng/mL). Apoptosis and total cell death were measured by flow cytometry, while TNF concentrations in culture media were quantified by ELISA. Activin A decreased the percentage of apoptotic/dead cells from 31% to 22% (p < 0.05, paired t-test) and reduced TNF levels in culture medium by 14%, but there was no linear correlation between TNF release and apoptotic rates. Both effects of activin A were reversed by follistatin. These findings indicate that activin A promotes HESC survival, possibly by a TNF-independent pathway. This mechanism may be critical to the actions of activin A upon stromal cell growth and differentiation in physiology and disease.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)161-165
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónGynecological Endocrinology
Volumen32
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - feb 1 2016
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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