Antinociceptive effects of fentanyl and nonopioid drugs in methocinnamox-treated rats

Saba Ghodrati, Lawrence M. Carey, Charles P. France

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva


Background: A single administration of the opioid receptor antagonist methocinnamox (MCAM) antagonizes the antinociceptive effects of µ-opioid receptor agonists for 2 weeks or longer. Such a long duration of antagonism could necessitate the use of nonopioid drugs for treating pain in patients receiving MCAM for opioid use disorder (OUD). Methods: The antinociceptive effects of fentanyl and nonopioid drugs were assessed in 24 male Sprague Dawley rats using a complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) model of inflammatory pain. Twelve rats received 10 mg/kg MCAM and 12 received vehicle; half (n=6) of the animals from each treatment group were treated (intraplantar) with CFA or saline. Hypersensitivity to mechanical stimulation was measured using a von Frey anesthesiometer. Fentanyl (0.01–0.1 mg/kg), ketamine (17.8–56 mg/kg), gabapentin (32–100 mg/kg), meloxicam (3.2–10 mg/kg), and ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, 1–10 mg/kg) were administered intraperitoneally and tested every 3 days in a pseudorandom order. Next, the same drugs were studied for effects on motor performance using a rotarod apparatus. Results: CFA-induced hypersensitivity was attenuated by fentanyl in vehicle- but not MCAM-treated rats. THC, ketamine, and gabapentin attenuated (up to 82, 66, and 46 %, respectively) CFA-evoked mechanical hypersensitivity in both MCAM- and vehicle-treated rats. Meloxicam failed to alter CFA-evoked mechanical hypersensitivity in either group. Fentanyl, THC, gabapentin, and meloxicam did not affect motor performance in either group whereas ketamine impaired motor performance in both groups (up to 71 % reduction in latency to fall). Conclusions: These data suggest that ketamine, gabapentin, and THC could be effective for treating inflammatory pain under conditions of long term µ-opioid receptor antagonism.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo111320
PublicaciónDrug and Alcohol Dependence
EstadoPublished - jul 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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