Background: Data is scarce regarding the need for early re-amputation to a higher anatomic level. This study seeks to define outcomes and risk factors for re-amputation. Methods: Patients undergoing primary major lower extremity amputation were identified within the 2012-2016 ACS-NSQIP database. Demographics, outcomes, and peri-operative characteristics were compared, and multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine association with early re-amputation. Results: Over a 4-year period, 8306 below knee amputations and 6367 above knee amputations were identified. Thirty-day re-amputation occurred in 262 patients (1.8%) and was associated with increased length of stay (12.9 vs. 7.3 days, P < 0.001), higher rates of readmission (64.9% vs. 13.6%, P < 0.001), and overall complications (69.5% vs. 39.3%, P < 0.01). On multivariable analysis, advanced age (OR 1.02, CI 1.01-1.03), smoking (OR 1.75, CI 1.32-2.33), dialysis dependence (OR 1.67, CI 1.23-2.26), preoperative septic shock (OR 2.53, CI 1.29-4.97), and bleeding disorders (OR 1.72, CI 1.34-2.22) were associated with early re-amputation. Conclusions: Thirty-day re-amputation rates are low, but are associated with significant morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, and frequent readmissions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine