A cholecystokinin (CCK)-releasing peptide, luminal CCK-releasing factor (LCRF), has been purified from rat jejunal secretion. Amino acid analysis and mass spectral analysis showed that the purified peptide is composed of 70-75 amino acid residues and has a mass of 8,136 Da. Microsequence analysis of LCRF yielded an amino acid sequence for the amino-terminal 41 residues. To determine the biologically active region of the molecule, a peptide was synthesized consisting of the amino-terminal 35 amine acids of LCRF. In this study, intraduodenal infusion of LCRF-(1- 35) significantly stimulated pancreatic secretion in conscious rats. The dose-response curves to LCRF-(1- 35) and to monitor peptide were similar and biphasic, with higher doses producing submaximal pancreatic secretory responses. The CCK-A receptor antagonist MK-329 abolished the pancreatic secretory response to intraduodenally infused LCRF-(1-35). These results demonstrate that LCRF biological activity is contained within the amino-terminal 35-amino acid portion of LCRF, and this fragment may be useful for investigating the role of LCRF in gastrointestinal function.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Publicación||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Estado||Published - sept 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)