Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia

Augusto Peñaranda, Gustavo Aristizabal, Elizabeth Garcia, Catalina Vasquez, Carlos E. Rodriguez-Martinez, Claudia L. Satizábal

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

24 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Allergic rhinitis is one of the most frequent chronic diseases among children. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of and the factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia. Methodology/Principal: We followed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) methodology. Our sample included 3,256 children aged 6 - 7 and 3,830 adolescents aged 13 - 14 years. Results: The prevalence of self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms was 30.8% among children and 36.6% among adolescents. Factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis among children included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; use of acetaminophen in the first year of life and in the last 12 months; antibiotic use in the first year of life; high-school and university maternal education; smokers at home; and caesarean delivery. Among adolescents, associated factors included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; current acetaminophen use once per month; frequent fast-food consumption; cat exposure at home; and smoking. Conclusions: Further exploration of factors associated with allergic rhinitis symptoms is needed.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)122-128
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRhinology
Volumen50
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2012
Publicado de forma externa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto