Hemorrhagic shock is a rare, emergent condition that is often fatal in newborns. In this article, we report cases of 3 neonates presenting with acute, life-threatening hemorrhage who were subsequently diagnosed with severe hemophilia (<1% factor VIII). The first infant was tachycardic, pale, and had a precipitous drop in his hemoglobin secondary to a subgaleal hemorrhage. The second patient sustained a splenic rupture, a sequela that has been reported in only 4 other neonatal cases. The last infant presented with tonic-clonic seizures and respiratory distress. Head imaging demonstrated extracranial and intracranial hemorrhage, complications that can result in 20% mortality. All 3 patients were successfully treated with clotting factor concentrate and blood products. After normalization of factor VIII levels, the newborns did not develop any new hemorrhages and were discharged home within 3 weeks of birth. Pediatric providers should be aware that these signs and symptoms may be potentially lethal complications in neonates with severe factor VIII deficiency.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Publicación||Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports|
|Estado||Published - sept 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Safety Research