A Surprising Cause of Liver Abscesses in a Post-Chemotherapy Patient: Herpes Simplex Virus

Rukevwe Ehwarieme, Apeksha N Agarwal, Rahaf Alkhateb, Jason E Bowling, Gregory M Anstead

Producción científica: Articlerevisión exhaustiva


Herpes simplex virus (HSV) hepatitis is a rare complication of HSV infection, and a rare cause of hepatitis. It is often fatal, especially if the diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Herein, we describe the case of a 31-year-old female with a history of receiving cytotoxic cancer chemotherapy five months prior who presented with a one-week history of worsening abdominal pain and fever. She was noted to have an outbreak of genital herpes at the time of presentation. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed innumerable hypodensities compatible with hepatic micro-abscesses. A specimen from a subsequent liver biopsy revealed HSV-type cytopathic changes and nuclear staining with an anti-HSV immunohistochemical stain. She was initially started on high-dose oral valacyclovir for genital herpes and was noted to have rapid clinical improvement prior to the histopathologic diagnosis of HSV hepatitis. She achieved full recovery while on oral valacyclovir. This is the first reported case of HSV hepatitis treated with oral valacyclovir and the third reported case of HSV hepatitis mimicking pyogenic abscesses on abdominal imaging. With the high mortality rate associated with HSV hepatitis, one should consider the diagnosis in all patients with multifocal liver lesions of unknown etiology, especially if genital herpes is present at the time of presentation, or in patients who are immunocompromised.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)e17744
EstadoPublished - sept 2021


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