Background: The incidence of outpatient visits for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) has substantially increased over the last decade. The emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has made the management of S. aureus SSTIs complex and challenging. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors contributing to treatment failures associated with community-associated S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections SSTIs. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study among 14 primary care clinics within the South Texas Ambulatory Research Network. The primary outcome was treatment failure within 90 days of the initial visit. Univariate associations between the explanatory variables and treatment failure were examined. A generalized linear mixed-effect model was developed to identify independent risk factors associated with treatment failure. Results: Overall, 21% (22/106) patients with S. aureus SSTIs experienced treatment failure. The occurrence of treatment failure was similar among patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus and those with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus SSTIs (19 vs. 24%; p=0.70). Independent predictors of treatment failure among cases with S. aureus SSTIs was a duration of infection of ≥7days prior to initial visit [aOR, 6.02 (95% CI 1.74-19.61)] and a lesion diameter size ≥5cm [5.25 (1.58-17.20)]. Conclusions: Predictors for treatment failure included a duration of infection for ≥7days prior to the initial visit and a wound diameter of ≥5cm. A heightened awareness of these risk factors could help direct targeted interventions in high-risk populations.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Número de artículo||58|
|Publicación||Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials|
|Estado||Published - nov 22 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases