Objectives: Hypotheses regarding mood dysregulation in bipolar disorder (BD) have centered on limbic overactivity with relative prefrontal underactivity during mood episodes. Therefore, we hypothesized that adolescents with bipolar depression successfully treated with lamotrigine would show decreases in amygdalar activation, and increases in prefrontal activation. Methods: Eight adolescents with BD underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at baseline and after eight weeks of lamotrigine treatment. Blocks of negatively and neutrally valenced emotional pictures were presented during scanning, and subjects were asked to rate how each picture made them feel. Activation in bilateral amygdalae and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices (DLPFC) for negative minus neutral pictures was correlated with Children's Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) scores. Results: Mean (SD) CDRS scores decreased significantly, from 53.0(10.6) at baseline to 26.3(5.3) at Week8. This clinical improvement was correlated with decreased right amygdalar activation (r = 0.91, p = 0.002). At Week8, but not baseline, CDRS score was positively correlated with bilateral amygdalar activation (r = 0.85, p = 0.007). DLPFC activation was not correlated with change in CDRS score. Conclusions: These preliminary results indicate that adolescents with BD treated with lamotrigine demonstrated less amygdalar activation when viewing negative stimuli as depressive symptoms improved. Larger controlled studies are needed to confirm these findings.
|Idioma original||English (US)|
|Número de páginas||6|
|Estado||Published - may 1 2008|
|Publicado de forma externa||Sí|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry