Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been studied extensively as promising radiation dose enhancing agents. In the current study, the dose enhancement effect of GNPs for Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy is studied using Monte Carlo N-Particle code, version 6.2 (MCNP6.2) and compared with experimental results obtained using Burlin cavity theory formalism. The Ir-192 source is verified using TG-43 parameters and dose enhancement factors (DEFs) from GNPs are simulated for three different mass percentages of gold in the GNP solution. These results are compared to DEFs previously reported experimentally by our group (Bassiri et al 2019 Med. Phys.) for a GNP-containing volume in an apparatus designed in-house to measure dose enhancement with GNPs for high dose rate (HDR) Ir-192 brachytherapy. An HDR Ir-192 Microselectron v2 r HDR brachytherapy source was modeled using MCNP6.2 using the TG-43 formalism in water. Anisotropy and radial dose function were verified against known values. An apparatus designed to measure dose enhancement to a 0.75 cm3 volume of GNPs from an Ir-192 brachytherapy seed with average energy of 0.38 MeV was built in-house and modeled using MCNP6.2. Burlin cavity correction factors were applied to experimental measurements. The macroscopic DEF was calculated for GNPs of size 30 nm at mass percentages of gold of 0.28%, 0.56% and 0.77%, using the repeating structures capability of MCNP6.2. DEF was calculated by dividing dose to the GNP solution by dose to water in the same volume. The radial dose function and anisotropy factor values at varying angles and distances were accurate when compared against known values. DEFs of 1.018 ± 0.003, 1.031 ± 0.003, and 1.041 ± 0.003 for GNP solutions containing mass percent of gold of 0.28%, 0.56% and 0.77%, respectively, were computed. These DEFs were within 2% of experimental values with Burlin cavity correction factors applied for all three mass percentages of gold.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging